Primary School

To be inspired and be inspiring


At Marshgate Primary School, we strive to ensure that all children become successful, fluent readers by the end of Key Stage One.  We work to achieve this through teaching systematic, synthetic phonics combined with a whole language approach that promotes reading for enjoyment. We aim to ensure that children are equipped with secure phonetic knowledge and the ability to blend and decode words confidently as part of their reading skills development.


We use the statutory curriculum Letters and Sounds.












Common words + exception words

taught alongside phonetically decodable words


Letters and Sounds -  Phase 2 & 3

English as an Additional Language (EAL) Beginners and New to Education (NTE) pupils - Phase 1 is taught



Year 1



Letters and Sounds -  Phases 3, 4 and 5

(For those exceeding, Phase 6 is taught)





Year 2


Letters and Sounds continuing Phase 6

Progressing to Read, Write Inc. Spelling Scheme


EAL beginners and pupils repeating or new to phonics screening - Phases 2 to 5 is taught





Year 3


Read, Write Inc. - Spelling Scheme


Letters and Sounds Phases 1-5

EAL beginners, SEND pupils and those who did not achieve phonics screening in Year 2



Reading Books

  • Oxford Reading Tree resources, including Floppy’s Phonics, colour banded to Letters and Sounds
  • Texts the pupils read are phonically based and aligned to Letters and Sounds phases, with a controlled number of taught context words to develop vocabulary.


Home Learning

  • Reception - word recognition linked to current phonic teaching
  • Year 1 -  spellings linked to the current phonic teaching
  • Year 2 -  Read, Write Inc. Spelling Scheme - linked to Phases of Letters and Sounds


We teach each sound (phoneme) while learning to form the letters using pictures, rhymes and songs. Once children know the phonemes, they can then begin to segment words into familiar sounds before blending them together to read the word.


For more information on how each sound is pronounced, please watch the video link below. 

Parent video: How to say the sounds

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